Hacking wind turbines— Explained.

Just a random picture from some wind turbines — Those are not the turbines in my research.

Since no SCADA monitoring is taking place for the wind energy converters which are offline due to the disruption, operators and owners should report irregularities and faults directly to their Service points of contact and other involved stakeholders or via their operating control.

How secure are wind turbines and/or farms?

On July 13th, 2010, these products will no longer be eligible for regular support and free access to security updates

Discovered open port 443/tcp
Discovered open port 80/tcp
Discovered open port 110/tcp
Discovered open port 143/tcp
Discovered open port 5900/tcp
Discovered open port 1433/tcp
Discovered open port 8443/tcp
Discovered open port 1031/tcp
Discovered open port 5800/tcp
Discovered open port 1026/tcp
80/tcp   open     http
110/tcp open pop3
143/tcp open imap
443/tcp open ssl/http
1026/tcp open msrpc Microsoft Windows RPC
1031/tcp open java-rmi Java RMI
1433/tcp open ms-sql-s Microsoft SQL Server 2000
5800/tcp open vnc-http RealVNC 4.0
5900/tcp open vnc VNC (protocol 3.8)
8443/tcp open ssl/https-alt

The CMsgReader::readRect function in the VNC Viewer component in RealVNC VNC Free Edition 4.0 through 4.1.2, Enterprise Edition E4.0 through E4.4.2, and Personal Edition P4.0 through P4.4.2 allows remote VNC servers to execute arbitrary code via crafted RFB protocol data, related to “encoding type.”

The impact of a hack of a large windfarm

The reserve capacity for FCR required for the synchronous area shall cover at least the reference incident and, for the CE and Nordic synchronous areas, the results of the probabilistic dimensioning approach for FCR carried out pursuant to point;

(b) the size of the reference incident shall be determined in accordance with the following conditions:

(i) for the CE synchronous area, the reference incident shall be 3 000 MW in positive direction and 3 000 MW in negative direction;

What can we learn from this?

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